2021 New Zealand Symposium on Law and Technology:
Education, Practice and Policy


Thursday 1st July 2021
Time: 8.30am – 6.05pm
Followed by networking and refreshments finishing at 7.30pm.

The symposium is expected only to take place face-to-face in Auckland (there will be no concurrent online streaming). However, in the event it cannot proceed because of COVID-19, the symposium will be held fully online via Zoom.


The ClockTower East Wing, Level 1 Foyer 119-G20 University of Auckland, 22 Princes Street, Auckland CBD

Paid parking information is available here.

Registration Closed

Symposium registrations are now closed as the event capacity has been reached. If you wish to be placed on a waitlist for the event, please email Richman Wee at richman.wee@waikato.ac.nz

In collaboration with:
Auckland University of Technology Logo

Organised by the NZ Law Foundation-funded project TeLENZ –  Technology in Legal Education for New Zealand.


  • All law faculties/schools in New Zealand

  • Researchers involved with the NZ Law Foundation’s Information Law and Policy Project

  • Law practitioners

  • Government lawyers

  • Legal and policy advisers from NGOs or social enterprises

Who Should Attend?

Participants, from across sectors, who have a strong interest in law and technology are welcome to register to attend or present, including:

  • Academics who teach law;
  • Researchers investigating legal issues, particularly in relation to technology;
  • Legal practitioners, as well as professionals involved with legal or policy work related to technology;
  • Legal regulators;
  • Law librarians and legal information professionals;
  • CPD providers;
  • Legal academic course designers and researchers;
  • Policymakers and policy advisors who work on technology-related issues;
  • Professionals involved with legal, regulatory and policy relating to emerging, new or innovative technologies;
  • Technologists interested in the impact of technology on the law and regulation.


Symposium Programme

8.30am Registration Opens
8.40am Mihi and Welcome
9.00am Opening Keynote
9.25am Session I: Law & Tech Implications and Issues 1
10.25am Morning Tea
10.45am Session II: Law & Tech Implications and Issues 2
11.45am Session III: Law & Tech Implications and Issues 3
12.45pm Lunch
1.35pm Session IV: Use of Technology in Teaching
2.35pm Session V: Under/Postgraduate Research
3.15pm Afternoon Tea
3.35pm Session VI: Panel Discussion Law and Practice in the Digital Age
5.00pm Session VII: High Notes – Adding it all up and Thinking Ahead
5.55pm Closing Words
6.05pm Networking and Refreshments
7.30pm  Ends

For detailed information about speakers and their presentation topics please click on the programme information button.

Please note that photographs and video recordings will be taken throughout the symposium. These may be used publicly, on social media, or on our webpage. The video recordings of the presentations including Q&A sessions may be used for teaching and educational purposes. Please contact fleur.mullen@waikato.ac.nz if you have any concerns or if you wish to be exempted from this activity.

Symposium Speakers and Abstracts (where applicable)

Associate Professor Wayne Rumbles - Opening and Welcome

Organisation: Te Piringa – Faculty of Law, University of Waikato
Position: TeLENZ Program Lead
Email: wayne.rumbles@waikato.ac.nz

Wayne graduated BA/LLB in 1997 with majors in Law, History and English Literature. He completed LLM (Distinction) from the University of Waikato in 1998. He spent three years working in community law and worked for Te Matahauariki Research Institute for 10 years on the Laws and Institutions for Aotearoa/New Zealand project. Wayne has been an academic at Te Piringa – Faculty of Law for 20 years, and was Dean of Law from 2015 – 2020. Wayne teaches and researches in the areas of Cyber Law, Law and New Technologies, Criminal Law (with a focus on Cyber Crime), and teaches in New Zealand’s first Masters in Cyber-Security taught jointly by the Faculties of Law and Computer Science.

Professor Pene Mathew - Welcome

Organisation: Auckland Law School, University of Auckland
Potition: Dean
Email: p.mathew@auckland.ac.nz

Professor Penelope (Pene) Mathew joined the Auckland Law School as Dean in March 2019. Specialising in international law and politics, she holds degrees from the University of Melbourne and Columbia Law School. Pene is an expert on international refugee law, has worked as a human rights lawyer, and published extensively in this field. She has held academic roles at the University of Melbourne, the Australian National University, Michigan Law School and Griffith University, where she also served a four-year term as Dean and Head of Griffith Law School. She served for two years as legal and policy advisor to the Australian Capital Territory’s Human Rights Commission, leading the work on an audit of the territory’s remand centres, among other matters. In 2008, the ACT government awarded her an International Women’s Day Award for outstanding contributions to human rights and social justice. She has also worked on shorter contracts with the Jesuit Refugee Service, and as a consultant to the Australian Human Rights Commission and for the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.

Dr Andrew Butler - Opening Keynote Address

Organisation: Thorndon Chambers
Email: andrew.butler@chambers.co.nz

Andrew Butler is a seasoned litigator, with extensive appellate, trial and ADR experience. He is an acknowledged expert in commercial, trusts and public law. Much of his work has an international dimension. Andrew co-authored two books with Sir Geoffrey Palmer QC proposing that New Zealand adopt a written constitution. He is the editor of the Human Rights Reports of New Zealand (HRNZ) published by Brooker’s, as well as New Zealand correspondent for Butterworths Human Rights Cases (BHRC). Andrew is the Chair of the New Zealand Law Foundation, and a member of the NZ Law Society Human Rights and Privacy Committee.

Professor John Hopkins - Chair

Organisation: School of Law, University of Canterbury
Email: w.j.hopkins@canterbury.ac.nz

Dr. Hopkins is a Professor of Law at the University of Canterbury Law School. He is a comparative public lawyer who specialises in disaster law, multi-level governance, administrative justice and anti-corruption. He is the current Director of the LEAD Institute for Law Emergencies and Disasters based at UC and chairs the International Disaster and Emergency Law Network (IDEAL.net). He is a Disciplinary Theme leader of QuakeCoRE and part of the Resilience to Nature’s Challenges National Science Challenge. He has long had an interest in the impact of information technology upon the legal system and most recently has led projects examining the role of such technologies in disasters.

View Abstract

Associate Professor Alex Sims
Organisation: Department of Commercial Law, University of Auckland Business School
Email: a.sims@auckland.ac.nz

Associate Professor Alex Sims, Department of Commercial Law, University of Auckland. Alex’s main area of research is blockchain technology, principally Decentralised Autonomous Organisations (DAOs) and NFTs. Her legacy research includes intellectual property law (primarily copyright) and consumer law. She is a co-author of the report Regulating Cryptocurrencies in New Zealand (funded by the Law Foundation) and E-Commerce and the Law (2nd ed, Thomson Reuters, 2020). She is a Research Associate of the UCL Centre for Blockchain Technologies, and a member of the Executive Committee of Blockchain NZ and the OECD’s Blockchain Expert Policy Advisory Board (BEPAB).

View Abstract

Dr Michael Dizon

Organisation: Te Piringa – Faculty of Law, University of Waikato
Email: michael.dizon@waikato.ac.nz

Michael Dizon, PhD, is a Senior Lecturer at Te Piringa Faculty of Law, University of Waikato. His principal area of research is law and ICT (information and communications technology). More broadly, his research revolves around normative pluralism and the information society and involves the socio-legal study of technology, creativity and innovation. He has conducted and published research on law and technology topics such as encryption, hacking and cybercrime. In addition, he teaches courses on cyber law, cybersecurity, and law and information technology.

View Abstract

Dr Bridgette Toy-Cronin

Organisation: Faculty of Law, University of Otago
Email: bridgette.toy-cronin@otago.ac.nz

Dr Bridgette Toy-Cronin is a Director and Senior Lecturer at the University of Otago, Faculty of Law. She completed an LLB(Hons)/BA at the University of Auckland, an LLM from Harvard University, and PhD at the University of Otago. Her research is focused on improving access to the civil justice system, particularly the areas of that system that people are most likely to come into contact with, and on people who face the most significant barriers. Her research has an empirical focus, investigating access to justice, the legal profession, judging, dispute resolution, and civil procedure. 

View Abstract

Professor Yvette Tinsley - Chair

Organisation: Faculty of Law, Victoria University of Wellington
Email: yvette.tinsley@vuw.ac.nz

Professor Yvette Tinsley (LLB(Hons), PhD) is a criminal justice researcher whose teaching and research interests lie in the fields of sexual violence; jury decision-making; penal policy; and law and science, particularly as it relates to emerging technologies and behavioural sciences. Most recently, she has introduced a course for Honours and postgraduate students on the opportunities and challenges emerging technologies offer for criminal justice policy, procedure, and legal regulation. Yvette has a special interest in empirical research focused on legal policy reform, especially in improving the experience for participants in the criminal process. She has published extensively both in New Zealand and internationally; and her work has influenced legislative and policy reform, most notably in the areas of sexual violence and jury decision-making. Her current research includes judicial communication and direction to jurors, utilising technology in jury trials; media intrusion following crime and disasters, and emotional labour in the criminal courts. 

Associate Professor Carrie Leonetti

Organisation: Auckland Law School, University of Auckland
Email: carrie.leonetti@auckland.ac.nz

Carrie Leonetti is an Associate Professor at the University of Auckland School of Law and an Affiliated Member of the Center for Cybersecurity and Privacy at the University of Oregon. Her research focuses on comparative criminal procedure, forensic science, and high-tech surveillance. She has published articles on the role of law schools in the wake of disruptive technological change, privacy rights of the unhoused in homeless encampments, the constitutionality of cell-site simulators, suspicionless dragnet investigations, high-tech bulk surveillance, and data mining, the use of immersive virtual environments in jury trials, the application of the curtilage doctrine to urban areas, and virtual lineups.

View Abstract

Rob Batty - Chair

Organisation: Auckland Law School, University of Auckland
Email: r.batty@auckland.ac.nz

Rob Batty is a senior lecturer in the Faculty of Law at the University of Auckland. He teaches intellectual property law at an undergraduate and postgraduate level. Rob’s main research interest is in the area of trade mark law. He has published widely in this area. Rob’s published articles about trade mark law have been cited in leading texts on trade mark law in New Zealand and Australia, by the New Zealand Supreme Court, the Singapore Court of Appeal, the New Zealand High Court and the New Zealand Intellectual Property Office.

View Abstract

Matt Bartlett

Organisation: Auckland Law School, University of Auckland
Position: Research Fellow
Email: matt.bartlett@auckland.ac.nz

Matt Bartlett is a Research Fellow and Teaching Fellow with the Faculty of Law at the University of Auckland. He is a Barrister and Solicitor of the High Court of New Zealand and practised as a commercial lawyer at a national law firm before joining the University of Auckland. Matt’s research interests encompass the wide range of legal issues raised by emerging technologies, particularly AI and blockchain. Matt is a representative of the AI Forum and works closely with the New Zealand Centre for ICT Law.

View Abstract

Dr Piers Gooding

Organisation: University of Melbourne Law School, Melbourne Social Equity Institute
Email: p.gooding@unimelb.edu.au

Dr Piers Gooding is an Australian Research Council DECRA Fellow at the University of Melbourne Law School. His work focuses on the law and politics of disability and mental health, with a focus on digital technologies in care services. He is the author of A New Era for Mental Health Law and Policy (2017) with Cambridge University Press and is an associate editor of the International Journal for Mental Health and Capacity Law. Dr Gooding has collaborated with the UN Special Rapporteur for the Rights of People with Disabilities, the Council of Europe Bioethics Committee, and the World Psychiatric Association.

View Abstract

Andrew Ecclestone

Organisation: Institute for Governance and Policy Studies, Victoria University of Wellington
Email: andrew@ecclestone.net

Andrew Ecclestone is a Senior Associate at the Institute for Governance and Policy Studies, Victoria University of Wellington. He has been awarded a grant by the NZ Law Foundation to support his research into systemic issues relating to open government in New Zealand and to develop findings or recommendations for a better functioning system. He is particularly interested in how the discourse about access to government information has focused on accountability and downplayed the participation purpose of the Official Information Act. He is also interested in how technology impacts on open government to enable participation, accountability, retrieval and publication of information, and the creation and maintenance of records of public authorities’ work. The website for his research is at: www.opengovt.nz

View Abstract

Professor Colin Gavaghan

Organisation: NZ Law Foundation Centre for Law and Policy in Emerging Technologies, Faculty of Law, University of Otago
Email: colin.gavaghan@otago.ac.nz

Colin is the Director of the NZ Law Foundation Centre for Law and Policy in Emerging Technologies at the Faculty of Law, University of Otago. The Centre examines the legal, ethical and policy issues around new technologies. To date, the Centre has carried out work on biotechnology, nanotechnology, information and communication technologies and artificial intelligence. In addition to emerging technologies, Colin lectures and writes on medical and criminal law. Colin researches and lectures on law and technology, as well as medical and criminal law. He has an extensive publication record; including co-authoring a major 2019 report on Government use of artificial intelligence in New Zealand and the recently published Citizens’ Guide to Artificial Intelligence (MIT Press 2021). A native of Scotland, Colin was formerly a lecturer at the University of Glasgow. Since establishing himself in New Zealand, he has served as Deputy Chair of the Advisory Committee on Assisted Reproductive Technology, and is a current member of the Digital Council for Aotearoa New Zealand.

Marcus Roberts - Chair

Organisation: Auckland Law School, The University of Auckland
Email: m.roberts@auckland.ac.nz

Marcus is a Senior Lecturer at the Auckland Law School. He has taught the Law of Contract, the Law of Torts, Company Law, and Introduction to Common Law. His research interests are mainly in the Law of Contract and Negligence.Since 2020, he has also been the Associate Dean (Teaching and Learning). In both his teaching and administrative roles he is interested in seeing how rapid technological change will impact the teaching and practice of law in the years to come.

View Abstract

Ana Lenard

Organisation: Te Whare Wananga o Tāmaki Makaurau, Te Wāhanga Ture
Email: ana.lenard@gmail.com

Ana is a dispute resolution lawyer and law lecturer at Te Whare Wananga o Tāmaki Makaurau, Te Wāhanga Ture where she has taught dispute resolution and legal ethics. Ana recently completed her LLM at Columbia University where she studied critical legal theories, legal systems, dispute resolution, and law pedagogy.  Her LLM research essay focused on lessons from the pandemic for negotiation teachers. From September, she will be undertaking a PhD in which she will apply critical legal theories to the use of alternative dispute resolution in Aotearoa. Ana also researches and advocates for culture change in the legal profession.

View Abstract

Christina Hatton

Organisation: Te Piringa – Faculty of Law, University of Waikato
Position: Summer Research Scholar
Email: christinahatton123@gmail.com

Christina was one of the 2020/2021 TeLENZ Summer Research Scholars. Christina is currently studying towards a Bachelor of Law and Bachelor of Management Studies at the University of Waikato. Her areas of interest include the use of AI, digital crimes and the future of law in New Zealand.

Peter Marshall

Organisation: Te Piringa – Faculty of Law, University of Waikato
Position: Summer Research Scholar
Email: prmarshall@gmail.com

Peter was one of the 2020/2021 TeLENZ Summer Research Scholars. He is a final year law student at Te Piringa – Faculty of Law, University of Waikato. He is very enthusiastic about law and technology, especially in the areas of blockchain technologies, and immensely interested in tech-related questions around firearms and space law. He loves all the weird, niche and difficult-to-answer legal tech questions.

Rachel Tan

Organisation: Te Piringa – Faculty of Law, University of Waikato
Position: PhD Candidate
Email: rt.racheltan@gmail.com

Rachel is a Research Assistant from the University of Waikato. She completed her LLB in 2007 at Bond University, Australia. After working in military defence industries, IT and retail project management companies, Rachel decided to return to research in the exploration of cyberlaw as it has always been her interest. She completed her LLM (First Class Honours) at the University of Waikato in 2019, after which she commenced her PhD research. She is interested in cyberlaw, particularly in the challenges of regulating social media. Her thesis topic explores regulating online hate speech in social media environments.

View Abstract

Andrew King - Chair

Organisation: E-Discovery Consulting and LawFest Organiser
Position: Founder
Email: andrew@lawfest.nz

Andrew King (Presenter & Chair, Session VI) is the founder of Legal Innovate, helping lawyers and their organisations successfully innovate by effectively leveraging technology. Andrew has unparalleled knowledge and deep expertise in the New Zealand legal + tech market, gained over 20+ years working with leading companies in New Zealand and globally. Legal Innovate brands include LawFest, LegalTech Hub and E-Discovery Consulting. Andrew prides himself on providing expert, objective advice and support to find and implement the most effective solutions to achieve your outcomes. He is vendor-agnostic and does not sell any products.

Sara Stratton

Organisation: Māori LAB and Māori Advisor to Tech Futures Lab
Email: sara.stratton@techfutureslab.com

Sara established Māori LAB and is a Māori advisor to Tech Futures Lab. Māori Lab is a service to businesses or organisations to “Navigate Uncharted Waters of Change.” She says, “businesses and organisations struggle for survival, relevance, and authentic identity” and Māori LAB encourages genuine relationships with Māori. Māori LAB unpacks the relevance and exciting impact that Te Tiriti o Waitangi has for all people in Aotearoa, and also demonstrates how Te Ao Māori, a Māori world view, is the inclusive growth mindset needed in taking us into a thriving future. 

Matt Farrington

Organisation: Juno Legal
Email: matt.farrington@junolegal.com

Matt is part of Juno Legal, an innovative NewLaw firm. Matt works as both a practising lawyer and legal technologist. Matt is a proponent of “lawyer tech” – tools and technologies to help lawyers make their practices more efficient, effective and enjoyable. As a lawyer, Matt’s practice includes ICT contracting, intellectual property licensing, and data protection and privacy law. Prior to joining Juno Legal, Matt worked in private practice, the public sector, and investment banking.

Maria Sopoaga

Organisation: MinterEllisonRuddWatts
Email: mmasei@me.com

Maria currently works for MinterEllisonRuddWatts in Wellington. She completed Law and Arts (majoring in English & Philosophy) degrees at the University of Auckland in 2018. Maria is the Deputy Convener of the Auckland Young Lawyers Committee at the New Zealand Law Society, serving and leading the next generation of lawyers across the Auckland region. Maria was awarded the Centre for Legal Innovation’s (CLI) Young Legalpreneurs Scholarship for New Zealand, established to identify and support the entrepreneurial spirit of early career lawyers. Along with her fellow Australian Legalpreneurs Scholars, Maria heads the CLI’s Young Legalpreneurs Special Interest Group, focused on building a learning community of like-minded legal tech and innovation focused young lawyers.

Ben Winslade

Organisation: Hone
Position: Founder
Email: benwinslade@gmail.com

Ben provides advice on the law of technology and he is also interested in the use of technology in the practice of law. He has purchased and implemented legal technology solutions as a customer and has founded his own legal tech company, Hone, which provides interactive legal document training. He is a former chair of LegalTech NZ. Ben has worked as a commercial lawyer for technology companies for many years.  He has practised in New Zealand and the UK, and has worked both in private practice and in-house.  He currently runs his own practice advising NZ technology businesses.

Professor Mark Henaghan - Chair

Organisation: Auckland Law School, University of Auckland
Email: mark.henaghan@auckland.ac.nz

Mark Henaghan is Professor of Law at the University of Auckland. The principal focus of his career is teaching. His main research interests include family law, especially law relating to children, law regarding the human genome, and judiciary law. He was the Dean of the Faculty of Law of the University of Otago. He is involved in the Pathways and Transitions Research Project as part of the New Zealand Government funded Resilience Research Project. Mark was the Principal Investigator for the Law Foundation’s multidisciplinary and international Human Genome Research Project: Law, Ethics and Policy for the Future.

Tom Maasland

Organisation: MinterEllisonRuddWatts
Position: Partner – Corporate and Commercial
Email: tom.maasland@minterellison.co.nz

Tom is an internationally recognised, award-winning technology law specialist who is passionate about technology and telecommunications – about their everyday use and ability to transform organisations, borne from working in the industry (both as an in-house lawyer and in private practice) over the past 20 years. He advises on clients across all areas of technology – from buying and selling tech and solutions, through cloud and agile contracting, to more emerged technology areas such as cyber security, artificial intelligence, and blockchain-related advice. He co-leads MERW’s innovation practice area, and is an author and regular speaker on transformational and strategic technology issues and developments. Tom leads our national TMT practice and is recognised by all major directories as a leading TMT lawyer, including in Chambers and Partners Asia Pacific, Legal 500 Asia Pacific, Best Lawyers NZ, and Doyles Guide for Technology.

Dr Simon Connell
Organisation: Faculty of Law, University of Otago
Email: simon.connell@otago.ac.nz

Simon is a Senior Lecturer at the University of Otago. He is a member of the TeLENZ Working Group (apology for not being able to join in today). His teaching and research focus is on contract law, and accidents and the law. He is interested in how these areas of the law respond to new technologies.